Cardiology | South Korea Healthcare

What is Cardiology?


Cardiology is that branch of medical science that deals with the treatment of heart diseases and disorders. A cardiologist is the medical physician who undertakes this treatment of heart disorders amongst humans as well as animals. This is a very crucial study of human anatomy as it deals with the most delicate and important for survival organ of the body, the heart.


A human heart can suffer various types of diseases and disorders. These include; congenital heart defects, heart failure, coronary artery disease,  valvular heart disease, and electrophysiology. Cardiology is mainly a surgical treatment that focuses on the removal of the harming element from the heart like tumors, and even the transplantation of a new heart. The specialists of cardiac treatments are cardiac physicians and cardiac surgeons. A cardiac physician is responsible for discovering the ailment, while a cardiac surgeon repairs the ailing heart surgically.



It is obvious that cardiac surgeries and procedures involve high risks, and the mortality rate in these cases is equally high. But due to advancements in the technological world, and thus in the medical science, these risks have reduced significantly. As a result, the mortality rate in last two decades has gone low. Modern medicines and machines like Pacemaker, Defibrillator, Artificial Heart, Balloon Pump, and Ventricular Assist Devices have helped to achieve this lesser mortality rate, and higher number of successful operations.


One major problem related to cardiology is that that even after a successful surgery or treatment, the risks of post surgery collapse still prevail. In fact, surveys have revealed that in most cases, approximately 19%, the patient is needed to be readmitted into the hospital only after 30 days of the surgery. This proves that post surgical cautions and instructions, along with other medication should be carefully included in the patient’s health care.

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